Cannabis is a nature-made plant utilized for centuries for medicinal and recreational benefits. Marijuana has multiple plant varieties or strains that are made up of hundreds of compounds and molecules with their own individual benefits and effects. These compounds are known as cannabinoids and are the elements of cannabis that positively interact with the body’s endocannabinoid system and lead to so many of the benefits cannabis is known for. Some cannabinoids have the psychoactive compounds that provide the “high” that marijuana is known for and some of the cannabinoids are non-psychoactive. All of the compounds work together in a harmony effect to bring the overall benefits so many utilize cannabis for.
CBD is one of the main compounds found in marijuana and is increasingly growing in recognition and popularity. CBD is short for cannabidiol and is the highest occurring compound in cannabis that is non-psychoactive. CBD is often isolated for medicinal cannabis products for consumers who are hoping to avoid the “high” but experience the benefits of cannabis. CBD has been found to support anxiety and mood balance, and sleep. CBD also may provide support with pain, inflammation and overall wellness. CBD works in harmony with THC, the other highest occurring compound in marijuana. THC is short for tetrahydrocannabinol. THC does have psychoactive effects and is the compound largely responsible for the “high” many associate with cannabis. THC has many other benefits that work cohesively with the other compounds. THC can lower tension and aggression and reduce fatigue. THC is helpful to encourage happiness and uplifted mood. THC can increase appetite and reduce nausea.
Two other beneficial compounds studied in cannabis are CBN, or cannabinol, and CBC, or cannabichromene. CBN has lower psychoactive effects and high sedative effects. CBN is a compound that contributes to insomnia and pain relief benefits many claim cannabis provides. CBC has low psychoactive effects and is extremely beneficial for pain relief. CBC may have antibiotic and analgesic properties. CBC provides the anti-inflammatory effects marijuana may bring to patients.
Another beneficial cannabis compound many are becomingly familiar with are the naturally-occurring terpenes found in many plants. Terpenes help provide the unique smells and tastes of the different marijuana strains that exist. These aromas and tastes lend to the naming of many strains and can help determine what benefits different strains may bring with consumption. Terpenes also have beneficial molecules themselves that continue to work in harmony with the other cannabinoids for maximum medicinal benefits.